Beginning with Pineda’s mapping the coast from Florida to Tampico in 1519, Spanish ships sailed Gulf coastal waters throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. During that time a number of ships went down, largely due to bad weather.
In 1554, a Spanish trade fleet sailed en route from Veracruz to Spain, with a planned stopover in Havana. A storm grounded three of the four ships on the shore of Padre Island. More than 300 people perished in the incident.